a republic that occupies much of the southern part of South America; population 40,913,600 (est. 2009); capital, Buenos Aires; official language, Spanish.
A country in southeastern South America that extends some 3,700 km (2,300 mi) from its border with Bolivia to the south of Tierra del Fuego. The region was sparsely populated by indigenous peoples before the Spaniards founded settlements there in the early 1500s. In 1776, Spain established a viceroyalty in present-day Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Bolivia. Argentina achieved its independence from Spain in 1816. Buenos Aires is the capital and the largest city.
(Placename) a republic in southern South America: colonized by the Spaniards from 1516 onwards; It obtained its independence in 1816 and became a republic in 1852; governed by military dictatorships for much of the twentieth century; Civil rule restored in 1983; it is composed mainly of plains and subtropical forests (the Chaco) in the north, temperate plains (the pampa) in the central parts, the Andes in the west and a sterile plain that extends to Tierra del Fuego in the south (Patagonia); An important producer of meat. Spanish Language. Religion: Roman Catholic. Currency: weight. Capital: Buenos Aires. Pop: 42 610 981 (2013 est). Area: 2 776 653 square kilometers (1 072 067 square miles). Also called: the Argentine