Meaning of "independent sheikhdom under British protectorate

a country on the northwestern coast of the Persian Gulf; population 2,692,500 (est. 2009); capital, Kuwait City; official language, Arabic.

Ku·wait

ko͞o-wāt′
Kuwait

Kuwait

( ko͞o-wāt ')
1. A country in the northeast of the Arabian Peninsula at the head of the Persian Gulf. Established by the Arab tribes at the beginning of the 18th century, it became a British protectorate in 1897 and an independent kingdom in 1961. Iraq invaded and occupied the country in 1990, sparking the Persian Gulf War (1991), which ended with the expulsion of Iraqi troops. A coalition of Arab and Western forces. With its main oil reserves, discovered in 1938, it has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world. The city of Kuwait is its capital.
2. also Kuwait City The capital of Kuwait, in the center-east part of the country in the Gulf Persian It was badly damaged during the Gulf War.

Kuwait'i (- wā'tē) adj. & n.

Kuwait

kʊˈweɪt

Kuwait

( kʊweɪt ) or

Koweit

n
1. (Placename) a state on the northwest coast of the Persian Gulf: it was under British protection in 1899 and became independent in 1961; invaded by Iraq in 1990; Released by UN forces led by the United States. 1991 in the Gulf War: mainly desert. The economy depends on oil. Official language: Arabic. Official religion: Muslim. Currency: dinar Capital: Kuwait. Pop: 2 695 316 (2013 est). Area: 24 280 square kilometers (9375 square miles)
2. (place name) the capital of Kuwait: a port in the Persian Gulf. Pop: 1 225 000 (2005 est)

Ku•wait

(kʊˈweɪt)

Ku • wait

(kʊweɪt) , nn n.
1. a sovereign monarchy in NE Arabia, on the NW coast of the Persian Gulf: formerly a British protectorate. 1,991,115; ab 8000 sq. My. (20,720 km2).
2. the capital of this monarchy. 167,750.
Ku • wai'ti (-weɪ ti) n., pl. -tis, adj.