( 1893–1976 ) , Chinese statesman; chairman of the Communist Party of the Chinese People's Republic 1949–76; head of state 1949–59. A cofounder of the Chinese Communist Party in 1921 and its effective leader from the time of the Long March (1934–35), he eventually defeated both the occupying Japanese and rival Kuomintang nationalist forces to create the People's Republic of China in 1949.
(mou 'dzŭ' dŏng ' ) also Mao Tse-tung (tsŭ'to͝ong ') 1893-1976.
Leader and Chinese Communist Theorist. Founder of the Chinese Communist Party (1921), commanded troops in the Chinese Civil War (1927-1949) and proclaimed the People's Republic of China in 1949. As party president and first head of state in the country (1949-1959), he initiated economic reforms, powerful and disoriented agricultural and industrial sectors that resulted in a widespread famine. He continued as party president after 1959 and was a leading figure in the Cultural Revolution (1966-1969). In the 1970s, it consolidated its political power and established links with the West.
(ˈmaʊ zəˈdʊŋ, dzə-)
Mao Ze • dong
(maʊ zədʊŋ, dzə-)
also Mao Tse-tung
(maʊ tsətʊŋ, dzədʊŋ) n n.
1893-1976, President of the People's Republic of China 1949-59 and the Chinese Communist Party 1943-76.