( 1893–1976 ) , Chinese statesman; chairman of the Communist Party of the Chinese People's Republic 1949–76; head of state 1949–59. A cofounder of the Chinese Communist Party in 1921 and its effective leader from the time of the Long March (1934–35), he eventually defeated both the occupying Japanese and rival Kuomintang nationalist forces to create the People's Republic of China in 1949.
Mao Ze·dong (mou′ dzŭ′dŏng′) also Mao Tse-tung (tsŭ′to͝ong′) 1893-1976.
Chinese Communist leader and theorist. A founder of the Chinese Communist Party (1921), he commanded troops in the Chinese Civil War (1927-1949) and proclaimed the People's Republic of China in 1949. As party chairman and the country's first head of state (1949-1959), he initiated sweeping but misguided economic, agricultural, and industrial reforms that resulted in widespread starvation. He continued as party chairman after 1959 and was a leading figure in the Cultural Revolution (1966-1969). In the 1970s he consolidated his political power and established ties with the West.
(ˈmaʊ zəˈdʊŋ, dzə-)
Mao Ze•dong (ˈmaʊ zəˈdʊŋ, dzə-) also Mao Tse-tung (ˈmaʊ tsəˈtʊŋ, dzəˈdʊŋ)
1893–1976, chairman of the People's Republic of China 1949–59 and of the Chinese Communist party 1943–76.